Pregnant Women Deficient of Vitamin D are Prone to Preeclampsia

Study guided by researchers from the University Of Pittsburgh Graduate School Of Public Health indicates that women who have a vitamin D deficit in the initial 26 weeks of pregnancy are more probably to develop severe preeclampsia. This is with respect to a research lately published in the journal Epidemiology.

Preeclampsia is a probably life-frightening pregnancy complication that generally happens after the initial 20 weeks of gestation or soon after birth. With respect to the Preeclampsia Foundation, about 5-8% of pregnancies are impacted by the situation.

Early symptoms of the problem involve high blood pressure and albuminuria – excess protein that leaks into the urine. Some women may also encounter inflammation of the feet, ankles, face and hands – triggered by fluid storage – as well as serious headaches, issues with vision and pain just below the ribs.

Vitamin D and pregnancy Vitamin D is well-known to be essential for controlling and absorbing calcium and phosphorus in the body.

The greater part of people are capable to get all the vitamin D they require from the sun and numerous foods, such as oily fish, eggs and fortified fat spreads. However, with respect to the Vitamin D Council, pregnancy is a well-known threat factor for vitamin D insufficiency.

Earlier study has recommended that vitamin D insufficiency while in pregnancy may cause to gestational diabetes, enhanced threat of infections and cesarean section, and low offspring birth weight.

To figure out whether there is an connection between vitamin D insufficiency while in pregnancy and threat of preeclampsia, the research team examined the blood samples of 700 pregnant women who afterwards suffered from preeclampsia, together with the blood samples of 3,000 pregnant women who did not develop the situation.

All samples were gathered between 1959 and 1965 from 12 US institutions. The scientists note that the blood samples were well-stored and they were capable to test the samples for vitamin D levels decades after they were taken.

Vitamin D insufficiency connected to 40% enhanced preeclampsia threat

The study exposed that women who had inadequate levels of vitamin D while in the initial 26 weeks of pregnancy were 40% more probably to develop serious preeclampsia, in comparison with women who had sufficient levels of the vitamin in the initial 26 weeks’ gestation.

However, the scientists did not discover any connection between vitamin D and mild preeclampsia. These outcomes were obvious after taking other aspects into concern that could effect a woman’s vitamin D levels, like as pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), race, smoking, diet, the number of past pregnancies, physical exercise and sunlight exposure.

Leaving comments on the results, senior research author Dr. Mark A. Klebanoff, states that:

“Scientists think that severe preeclampsia and minor preeclampsia have various root causes. Severe preeclampsia poses much higher health risks to the mother and baby, so connecting it with a aspect that we can simply treat, like vitamin D insufficiency, holds great potential.”