Washington State University researchers have identified that non digestible substances in apples, particularly Granny Smith apples may help protect against problems connected with obesity. The research, believed to be the initial to evaluate these compounds in apple cultivars grown in the Pacific Northwest.
Led author Giuliana Noratto said “apples are good source of these non-digestible substances but there are variations in different types of apples”. Outcomes from this investigation will help customers to differentiate between apple types that can help in the fight against obesity.”
The tart green Granny Smith apples reward the development of helpful bacteria in the colon because of their high content of non digestible substances, which includes dietary fiber and polyphenols, and low content of accessible carbohydrates. Regardless of being exposed to chewing, digestive enzymes and stomach acid, these substances stay intact when they arrive at the colon. Once there, they are fermented by bacteria in the colon, which advantages the development of helpful bacteria in the gut.
The research revealed that Granny Smith apples surpass Braeburn, Golden Delicious, Gala, McIntosh, Fuji and Red Delicious in the amount of non-digestible substances they contain.
Noratto said “Granny Smith apple’s non-digestible substances basically changed the ratios of fecal bacteria from obese mice to be identical to that of lean mice,”.
The outcomes could assist defend against some of the problems associated with obesity just like low-grade, serious inflammation that can led to diabetes. The balance of bacterial communities in the colon of obese individuals is interrupted. These outcomes in microbial byproducts that led to inflammation and impact metabolic disorders related with obesity.
Adding to above statement Giuliana Noratto said “What can assist to identify the balance of bacteria in our colon is the meals we eat,”.
Re-establishing a balance of bacteria in the colon stabilizes metabolic processes that impact inflammation and the sensation of feeling fulfilled or satiety.